Young lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people have long been over-represented among the homeless, with research from the Albert Kennedy Trust finding that this demographic comprises up to 24% of the young homeless population. Recent government changes to housing benefit policy are further exacerbating homelessness and housing problems among this group.
While conducting sociological research in a London day centre, I saw many cases of young LGBT people leaving their homes because of discrimination or homophobic abuse from family and friends. As well as coping with the experiences common to other young homeless people of finding shelter and support, young LGBT people faced additional hardships. Transphobia and homophobia can be an issue (pdf) in temporary housing. One young trans person spoke of the difficulties of going through gender transition while living in a hostel, a place with little privacy, telling me: “It’s hard to keep secrets in places like that.” For those sleeping rough this is even more difficult. Just having a shower in a day centre can be risky for a trans person (pdf).
Once housing benefit for 18- to 21-year-olds is scrapped, young people’s options will decrease even further.
It is already difficult for LGBT homeless people who do not feel safe in their family home or home town to relocate. While local authorities in England and Wales have a duty of care to provide housing for people who fall into the category of priority need, the majority of single homeless people do not come under this category (pdf). In theory, those at risk of violence should be considered in priority need, but a report by Crisis (pdf) found that in practice these guidelines are not always followed correctly.
The cumulative effect of cuts on a range of services are disproportionately affecting LGBT homeless people. They are more likely to have additional support needs (pdf) related to mental health and substance misuse, but hostels are finding it increasingly difficult to provide accommodation and support for people with medium to high support needs. Meanwhile, many other voluntary organisations that support LGBT people, including counselling and mental health services, are also struggling because of funding cuts. This trend is exemplified by the closure of the long established LGBT mental health charity Pace earlier this year.
While remaining LGBT organisations do important work in educating housing providers and homeless services on good practice, it is difficult to mitigate the effects of shrinking local authority budgets, a brutal housing market and the curtailing of young people’s eligibility for benefits. The coming housing benefit changes will force more LGBT young people to risk their safety for a roof over their heads.